6 Key Facts About Calcium

Calcium is a very important mineral, essential for the Bones and teeth. The heart, nerves and the blood clotting systems also require Calcium. The bones in our body may turn out to be brittle due to Calcium deficiency. There happens to be this very funny Bone quote that strikes a nerve, “To succeed in life, there are three things: a Wish bone, a back bone and a funny bone.” Few recent studies have proven the fact that three servings of Dairy daily can prevent chances of Osteoporosis.

Today lets look at some quick facts about Calcium :

  1. Calcium plays an Important role in preventing Osteoporosis
    Osteoporosis happens to be a dreadful disease where decreased bone strength raises chances of making the bones brittle. The Bones that tend to break as a result of aging are the backbones, forearm bones and the hip bones. Some of the effects can cause constant pain and bring down one’s ability to perform day to day tasks. Osteoporosis can occur due to several other factors other than Calcium deficiency such as :
    • Alcoholism
    • Anorexia
    • Hyperthyroidism
    • Kidney disease.

    Calcium plays a critical role here in enhancing the strength of Bones and the Teeth adding on to 99% of the total Calcium content and 1% that is present in intracellular and extracellular fluids. Calcium helps prevent Osteoporosis beginning right from childhood through exercise and proper intake of nutrients such as Vitamin D and Calcium.
  2. How Calcium evolved as a Element
    Just a brief history - The Romans prepared lime in the first century but failed to recognise it as a metal. Scientists Berzelius and Pontin Prepared a Calcium amalgam by preparing lime in Mercury. Finally it was Sir Humphrey Davy who took it further by proving the fact that Calcium was an impure metal. It happens to be the fifth most abundant component on the Earth’s crust. As metal, Calcium is prepared by the method of Electrolysis of fused Calcium Fluoride.
  3. Role Of Calcium In Pregnancy
    There is need for additional Calcium intake at the time of pregnancy.It has been frequently reported that women of childbearing age do not consume the dietary reference intake for calcium and that calcium intake in the United States varies among ethnic groups. Women who chronically consume sub-optimal amounts of calcium (<500 mg/day) are at risk for increased bone loss during pregnancy. Women who begin pregnancy with adequate intake may not need additional calcium, but women with sub-optimal intakes (<500 mg) may need additional amounts to meet both maternal and foetal bone requirements. The objective of this review is to elucidate the changes in calcium metabolism that occur during pregnancy as well as the effect of maternal calcium intake on both maternal and fatal outcomes.
  4. Role of calcium as an Agricultural Nutrient
    Plants need calcium to grow.Once fixed, calcium is not mobile in the plant. It is an important constituent of cell walls and can only be supplied in the xylem sap. Thus, if the plant runs out of a supply of calcium, it cannot remobilize calcium from older tissues.If transpiration is reduced for any reason, the calcium supply to growing tissues will rapidly become inadequate.Without adequate amounts of calcium, plants experience a variety of problems.As an important constituent of soil, calcium helps to maintain chemical balance in the soil, reduces salinity, and improves water penetration. Calcium plays a critical metabolic role in carbohydrate removal.Calcium neutralises cell acids.
  5. Role of Calcium In Blood Coagulation
    The quality of the coagulation-related blood-derived products is markedly affected by the manner in which blood is collected. Standard anti-coagulation solutions contain citrate which efficiently prevents blood clotting by chelation of calcium and other metal ions. However, there are two sides to the matter, which is often overlooked. For instance,chelation of calcium leads to conformational changes of the coagulation which results in loss of the procoagulant activity. Hence Calcium plays a very important role in blood clotting.
  6. Conditions due to Calcium Overdose
    It is always good to consume everything within a limit. Too much of something can also prove to be a major problem at times. Some of the problems that occur due to Calcium overdose can pose to be a major threat at times. It can lead to several complications such as
    • Irregular Heartbeat, confusion and comma.
    • Abdominal Pain in stomach, Constipation and Diarrhoea
    • Frequent Urination, Dryness of mouth and prolonged Drowsiness.

    At times symptoms can get as worse as Stones in the Kidney. Growing kids suffering from Calcium deficiency can have Calcium supplements after consulting a Doctor. To conclude with a popular quote, “Everything Gets Better with Milk”.

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