Climate Change : Treaties related to Global Warming

                    International Undertakings to mitigate Global Warming
Climate Change and Global Warming are matters which are discussed and being sorted out in every forum. It is an International awakening. Every community and nation needs to come forward to mitigate the adversaries being spread by this phenomenon. Both, Global Warming and Climate Change, are related and are being dealt with subsequently.

Global warming is a multifaceted crisis, which, is not only environmental in nature, but costs all spheres of existence on this planet. It is either affected by– or affects– global issues, like poverty, population growth, economic development, resource management and sustainable development. (Read more about Social impact of Global Warming)

The most important aspect about mitigating Global Warming lies with the reduction of emissions. The governments of the various nations are immensely worried about this and have come under common discussions to resolve this problem. It is necessary for all of us to pay heed to it and be a part of the efforts that are being taken at global level.
Few Global Warming International Conventions that have taken place:
  • Kyoto Protocol
  • UNFCCC (United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change)
  • Paris Climate Deal

Kyoto Protocol

Kyoto Protocol is carrying forward the legacy of 1992 United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. This protocol came into being in Kyoto, Japan on 11th December, 1997. It was enforced on 16th February, 2005. There are 192 member nations which have taken to this protocol making it a global initiative to mitigate the effects and adversities of global warming. Canada was one nation which withdrew from this treaty in December, 2012. It was then made obligatory for state parties to commit to work on the reduction of Greenhouse Gases on the pretext that:
  • Global Warming exists,
  • Man – made CO2 is causing it.
This protocol speaks of the principle of common but differentiated responsibilities. It implements the goal to fight global warming by cutting down the greenhouse gas present in the air. The gases should be cut down to such a level that it will prevent harmful human intervention with the climatic setup of the environment. It enforces the developed nations to cut down on the greenhouse gas emissions and also look for more conventional sources of energy with the outlook of sustainable development. The developed nations have been asked to cut down emissions as they are believed to have caused the present scenario of extreme emissions from historical times.


This convention of United Nations about Climate Change provides us with a framework. This convention was enforced on 21st March, 1994. It shows us how the Intergovernmental efforts can help us tackle all the adversities that are prevailing due to climate change and global warming. Climate is a universal factor and a shared resource. Affecting the climate can influence the well being of the whole system completely. The stability of climatic conditions can be influenced by industrial emissions, vehicular emissions of carbon dioxide and other harmful greenhouse gases. This convention is quite popular and almost has universal membership of all the nation states throughout the globe.

There are guidelines which are provided to all the governments through this convention. The member nations are supposed to share and gather the necessary information about the greenhouse gases, their emissions, national policies and their best practices. They will launch various national level strategies to address the problem of greenhouse gas emissions. They will need to adapt to the expected impacts which include the provisions of financial and technology based support to developing member nations. The convention also enforces them to cooperate to prepare to adapt to the forthcoming impacts of climate change and side by side global warming too.

Paris Agreement

This Climate Conference abbreviated as COP21 was held in Paris on December 2015. This agreement will be enforced only in 2020. There were around 195 member states who had participated for this legally binding global climate deal. It was the first of its kind in which everyone has agreed to put in their best efforts and follow by this agreement with international obligations to be followed. This agreement has set a standard of global action plan. This obligation mainly concentrates on putting the world on track by avoiding dangerous climate change and global warming effects through reduction and limiting of global warming before it exceeds 2°C increase in temperature.

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