GIS in Land use Management

                                                              INTRODUCTION
Geographic Information System is an integrated tool that can analyze, manipulate, store and map geographical data in order to provide solutions to problems in the real world and thus help in planning for the future. GIS deals with the WHAT and WHERE components of occurrences.For example, to regulate rapid transportation,government decides to BUILD FLYOVERS( WHAT COMPONENT) in those areas WHERE TRAFFIC JAMS are common (WHERE COMPONENT). Today we will be discussing benefits of GIS in Land use planning and urban development.

Burrough(1998) defined GIS as “a powerful set of tools for collecting, storing, retrieving at will, transforming and displaying spatial data from the real world for a particular set of purposes.”

OBJECTIVES OF GIS
Some of the major objectives of GIS are:
  1. Efficiency of planning and decision making should be maximized
  2. Information from multiple sources should be integrated
  3. Facilitating complex query and analysis
  4. Eliminating redundant data and minimising duplication

Read More about what is GIS, how it works and applications

LAND USE MANAGEMENT/PLANNING/ Urban Development

Geographic information system utilizes software and data for mapping, analyzing and displaying all the object which are geographically referenced. By using ArcGIS by ESRI any government agency can say everything about one’s assets, work and zoning of land.This is very helpful for the end users. They can easily look up for their property,land and the amount of tax that is needed to pay.

The relationship can be utilized to interpret, visualize and querying the data.It has become very easy for the common people to access the data by using ArcGIS online.The uses of land use planning can be done in the following ways.

  • TAX MAPPING: Raising property revenue taxes is one of the important functions of the government agencies.The amount of tax payable depends on the value of the land and the property.The correct assessment of value of land and property determines the equitable distribution of the community tax.A tax assessor has to evaluate new properties and respond to rents,sale,maintenance,insurance and other expenses.Managing as well as analyzing all this information simultaneously is time consuming and hence comes the need of GIS. Information about the property with its geographical location and boundary is managed by GIS. Land units stored in parcel database can be linked to their properties.Querying the GIS database can locate similar type of properties in an area.The characteristics of these properties can then be compared and valuation can easily be done.
  • ELECTRIC /GAS UTILITIES: GIS is used on a daily basis by the cities and utilities to help them in mapping, in inventory systems, track maintenance, monitor regulatory compliance or model distribution analysis,transformer analysis and load analysis.
  • RISK MANAGEMENT: A GIS can help with risk management and analysis by showing us which areas are prone to natural or man-made disasters.When such forthcoming disasters are identified,preventive measures can be developed to deal with different scenarios.
  • TRANSPORTATION: GIS can be used to in managing the transportation infrastructure or in managing logistical problems.They can help us in monitoring rail system and road conditions or finding the best way(route) to deliver our goods or services.
  • AGRICULTURE: GIS is used in variety of agricultural applications such as managing crop yields,monitoring crop rotation techniques, and projecting soil loss for individual farms or entire agricultural regions etc.
  • WATER/WASTEWATER INDUSTRY:People in the water/wastewater industry use GIS in planning, engineering,operations,maintenance,finance and administrative functions of their water/wastewater networks.


Read More:
GIS in transportation
GIS and Natural Resource Management


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